Science Digest

Selected published discoveries and innovations from the University of Maryland, Baltimore’s professional schools and affiliated sources.
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A draft genome sequence of an MRSA, Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, isolate will advance understanding of S. aureus. Infections caused by S. aureus are becoming more and more difficult to treat due to an increasing resistance to antibiotics. School of Dentistry - 410- 706-7146 

Prospects of certain foods as cancer therapeutics come to mind with the discovery of a protein from Pacific cod that may inhibit prostate cancer and possibly other cancers from spreading, according to preclinical research published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. School of Medicine - 410-706-7590 

Treatments for pain at the site of an injury may not always be good enough, according to a novel study by reported in The Journal of Neuroscience. The study results could change conventional thinking about pain management. School of Dentistry - 410- 706-7146  

Life on Mars and other extreme environments may require key features of proteins in microbes already living in Antarctica, according to new research funded by NASA. Haloarchaea organisms can tolerate high salinity, desiccation, and extreme temperatures. School of Medicine - 410-706-7590

Antipsychotic drug use is skyrocketing for Medicaid-insured children; most diagnosed for behavior, not psychotic conditions.  - School of Pharmacy – 410-706-1690 

Risk of delirium in elderly patients after surgery can be reduced with prophylactic antipsychotics during the  perioperative period--the entire surgical experience--according to an analysis of five studies of 1491 participants. – School of Medicine - 410-706-7590 

A study of patients with major craniofacial defects requiring bony reconstruction reveals that stereolithographic modeling--computer-assisted design to generate 3-D models--is a feasible and useful tool in complex head and neck reconstruction after a tumor resection - School of Medicine -410-706-7590

Standard of care for treating patients with intractable pain may be aided by a study describing a novel brain circuit that can be manipulated, in an animal model of spinal cord injury, to provide pain relief. – School of Dentistry – 410- 706-7146

Adults with type 2 diabetes using a commercial, mobile management randomized controlled trial, achieved statistically significant improvements in average blood glucose control and health care provider and patient satisfaction, in a study of  30 patients. – School of Medicine – 410- 706-7590

For potential kidney transplant patients, visualizing blood vessels with a computed tomography angiography in operative planning amd screening is safe and cost-effective.  - School of Medicine - 410-706-7590